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Diplomarbeit, 1999, 128 Seiten
Part one of the thesis states the changes and developments that have markedly altered the banking world. This analysis is followed by a discussion about the consequences these transformations have on credit institutions in general. Special focus is devoted to the universal bank, the advantages and disadvantages of which are linked to the changes mentioned above.
Part two begins with the introduction of a prominent member of the universal banking type: ING Group and its banking operations in the Netherlands, ING Bank, respectively. Both are shortly introduced and their performance measured with the help of "traditional" tools. To go deeper than the mere standard comparison of data given in annual reports, however, a new method will be introduced that approximates the relative efficiency and productivity of companies - in this case banks. This method is called "Data Envelopment Analysis" (DEA) and offers some advantages that complement "traditional" ways of assessing company performance. DEA is then run with the help of a special software programme, processing data about 65 credit institutions that are operating in the Dutch market. The focal point of interest in this analysis is on the performance of ING Bank as measured by DEA. This kind of "benchmarking" will be performed in two ways: first statically (comparison within a certain year), then dynamically (comparison over the years 1992 to 1995). Subsequently, the credit institutions will be summed up into categories like "best-practice" or "worst-practice" to conduct further analyses. The conclusions from this analysis is then taken as a basis to evaluate, whether ING Bank has been able to adopt to the growing demands of an ever faster changing banking environment.
The concluding chapter relates mainly to an additional usage of DEA that is not related to benchmarking directly. DEA and the results it yields can be used to find out, which firms are especially successful in incorporating the all-important "soft factors" like firm culture, tradition, values, employee motivation, and the like. This application uses DEA as a kind of "navigator", that helps annalists to save time by pointing directly to potential owners of "soft factors".
The appendix gives the sources of data used and the quality and reliability thereof. Furthermore, the credit institutions used in the analysis will be stated in name. A list of mathematical formulae that make up the DEA analysis and the logic […]
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